HIPAA, or the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act, is a US law that sets standards for the protection of patients’ medical information. HIPAA requires healthcare providers, insurance companies, and other entities that handle protected health information to implement specific safeguards to ensure the confidentiality, integrity, and availability of patient data. HIPAA also grants patients certain rights, such as the right to access their medical records and request corrections. Compliance with HIPAA is crucial for healthcare organizations to avoid legal and financial consequences, as well as to maintain patients’ trust. Noncompliance can result in hefty fines and damage to a healthcare organization’s reputation.